H105, American History I

Lecture 10:  Local Resistance and the Politicization of Everyday Life

I.  The difficulty of mobilizing resistance
II.  New political theories and new political organizations
III.  From taxation to sovereignty — renouncing Parliament; renouncing King; renouncing colonialism

1765-1776 New Political Organizations in the Colonies
1765 Stamp Act Congress (9 colonies sent delegates)
1765 Sons of Liberty (urban activists)
1767-1768 John Dickinson, ”Letters from an American Farmer“
1773 committees of correspondence (intercolonial cooperation, whenever colonial assemblies were not in session)
1774 provincial congresses (replaced colonial assemblies shut down by royal governors)
September 1774 Continental Congress (replaced Parliament)
October 1774 Continental Association (local committees to monitor economic boycott in every community)
1775 Continental Army (replaced imperial army and colonial militias)
1776 Thomas Paine, Common Sense

1770-1776 Outbreak of War
March 1770 ”Boston Massacre“
April 1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord
June 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill
July 1775 Continental Congress petition claimed American defense against English aggression, and pleaded for reconciliation
August 1775 King declared colonies in rebellion
July 1776 Continental Congress declared independence