H105, American History I

Lecture 16:  Transition to Capitalism — Industrialization in New England

I.  Boycott and war, and the rise of rural “out work”
II.  Mechanization and the rise of factory work
III.  Factory discipline versus labor protest

1793-1832 Historical Background in Early American Republic
1793-1815 war between Britain and France
1801 Thomas Jefferson became president — “second American Revolution”
1807 embargo by United States against both Britain and France
1809 James Madison became president
1812-1815 war between United States and Britain — “second American War of Independence”
1800 $5,000 worth of books (740) ordered from Britain to start Library of Congress
1814 Britain invaded Washington DC and burned down Capitol, including Library of Congress
1815> Thomas Jefferson donated personal library (6,487 books) to re-start Library of Congress
1832 Thomas Doughty, “Capitol, Washington D.C.”

1793-1832 Intellectual Property Theft and the Rise of Factory System in the United States
1789 Samuel Slater immigrated from Britain
1790 Slater built first water-powered textile mill in United States (at Pawtucket RI)
1790-1840 spread of technological invention, esp. in New England, along rivers
1810-1812 Francis Cabot Lowell lived in England
1825 Lowell established Boston Manufacturing Company, which built first fully mechanized textile mill in United States (at Lowell MA)